You are planning to stay and work in Vietnam for the long term but don’t clearly know what kind of legitimate documents you are required to have? Vietnam work visa vs. Vietnam work permit, which one do you need? How to apply for a Vietnam work visa and Vietnam work permit? This post is especially for you, as it gives you details about:
People normally get wrong understandings about these two concepts, so, just have a closer look at our comparison below to deeply distinguish those two terms.
|Types||Vietnam work visa||Vietnam work permit|
|Definition||A visa stamp (categorized as LĐ previously and then LĐ1 or LĐ2 visa since July 1, 2010) on an original passport issued by Vietnam Immigration Department or Vietnam Embassy/ Consulate in the applicant’s local country, allowing its holder to enter Vietnam to take up employment.||An official certificate issued by the Department of Labor, War Invalids and Society, allowing its holders to work in Vietnam legally.|
|Ways to apply||The foreigners can apply with the Vietnam Embassy/ Consulate or via a Vietnam visa service center||The foreigners cannot apply directly with the Authority Office themselves but via their employers or a service center based in Vietnam|
|Others||A working visa for Vietnam can only be applied when foreigners hold valid Vietnam work permit||Holders of a Vietnam work permit are eligible for applying for a Temporary Residence Card or Vietnam work visa|
It can be seen that foreigners can’t apply for a Vietnam work visa without a Vietnam work permit (or work permit exemption certificate, in some cases), while the latter is available when applicants are sponsored by their employers only. Therefore, the Vietnam work permit is truly the most important document for those who want to work here in the country.
You can now find full details about those two types of documents.
There is a fact that not all foreigners are required to have a Vietnam work permit, please firstly check if you are eligible for Vietnam work permit exemption.
If you are not exempted from Vietnam work permit, follow these guides to get step by step closer to your goal – working in Vietnam.
To apply for a legitimate Vietnam work permit, foreigners are asked to meet these standard requirements:
As it is mentioned above, to apply for a work permit in Vietnam, foreigners will need to have their employers sponsored.
To get a work permit, the employer in Vietnam needs to go through 02 steps as follows:
Step 1: Get approval for employing foreigners to work by the competent authority (Provincial People’s Committee,…)
This step should be activated at least 30 days before the expected date when the foreigners start their work at the company.
In this step, the employer will need to prepare the following documents and submit them to the Provincial People’s Committee or Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs or Management Board of Industrial Park, etc. as the case may be:
Step 2: Apply for Vietnam work permit at the Department of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs in the province where the foreigner are working:
This step should be started at least 12 days before the expected date when the foreigners start their work at the company.
In this step, the employer and the foreigner(s) will need to prepare the following documents:
For full step-by-step how to get a work permit in Vietnam, you can follow the instruction here.
For those who see these procedures are so complicated, or don’t have enough time to process, or don’t have enough required documents, please refer to a service center like https://www.vietnam-visa.com/ so they can get it done for you!
Once the Vietnam work permit is ready, foreigners can apply for a Vietnam work visa. Vietnam work visa (or Vietnam LĐ1 or LĐ2 visa) can be valid for 2 years at maximum. Unlike Vietnam work permit – a certificate, Vietnam work visa is like other Vietnam visa stamps on your original passport with LĐ sign (Vietnam tourist visa is DL while Vietnam business visa is DN2, DN2, etc.)
Please remember that all documents applying for a Vietnam work visa will be prepared by the Vietnam-based company/ organization, so get them well informed.
Normally the Vietnam company where the foreigner is working will have to submit documents to the Vietnam Immigration Department or the Immigration Office under the Department of Public Security in the city or province where its head office is based; however people will choose to use a visa agent for their convenience.
By submitting through a service center, all they need is to wait (normally 5 working days) until their application is approved without coming back and forth or adding more documents upon the requirements of the authority.
In case you are after an agent to make your process to get a work permit or working visa for Vietnam, you can contact www.vietnam-visa.com. Since 2007, they have established a great reputation in those aspects. You absolutely contact them at any time via: